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Migrants and refugees

Report on the situation with the refugees and asylum-seekers from the Middle East in Belarus, October 2022

This report is prepared by the human rights organisation Human Constanta, which has been protecting the rights of foreigners and stateless people in Belarus for more than five years.

Newsletters about situation with human rights in Belarus

The human rights organization Human Constanta regularly prepares a news digest on human rights violations in Belarus after the August 9 elections.

Nasta Lojka detained for the 3rd time in 2 months

On 28 October 2022, human rights defender Nasta Lojka was detained again. Official reasons for her arrest remain unknown.

Digital direct action in Belarus: hacktivists or vigilantes?

The notions of hacktivism and digital vigilantism – the latter often having a more negative connotation as compared to the former –  pose a challenge in terms of their public perception and legal regulation.

Review of the fight against “extremism” in Belarus in July-September 2022

The review reflects the main trends in the use of "anti-extremist" and "anti-terrorist" laws in Belarus from July to September 2022. We analyze the publications of state media, pro-government Telegram channels, independent media, and human rights organizations.

Nasta Lojka: arrested again, with no access to legal and medical assistance

On 21 September 2021 Belarusian authorities were supposed to release human rights defender Nasta Lojka after having served her 15-day administrative sentence for “petty hooliganism”. However, on the same day she was detained again and once again sentenced to 15 days in jail for “petty hooliganism” under Article 19.1 of the Code of Administrative Offenses.

Digital rights developments in Belarus: digital authoritarianism and digital resistance

The report analyzes the prevalent tendencies of digital authoritarianism in Belarus, the most common violations of human rights in the digital realm, as well as digital resistance tools used by civil society. The report also contains recommendations for the public and private sectors.

Nasta Lojka detained following a “Revolutionary Action” case hearing – Statement

Human rights defender Nasta Lojka was detained in Minsk city court following a hearing in the so-called “Revolutionary Action” group case. The reasons for her detention remain unknown.
Digital Freedoms Lab

What is digital authoritarianism and how it limits Internet freedoms?

The Internet began as a space for freedom. Gradually, the states began to restrict it more and more. Digital authoritarianism is a fairly new term that has been picked up by many modern researchers. It includes a range of different restrictions on digital rights and is a way of exerting authoritarian control of cyberspace.

Special projects

Humanitarian crisis

Human rights organization Human Constanta has collected information about the migration situation with "transit refugees" and is sharing a thematic report on this page. We call this situation a "humanitarian crisis" and recommend, among other things, organizing a humanitarian corridor for the 1,000 people who are still in Belarus.

Ice Hockey World Championship 2021 in Belarus: joint statement by human rights organizations

Human rights violations continue in Belarus: 18,000 people were detained for expressing opinions and participating in peaceful gatherings between August and 9 November 2020. From the beginning of the presidential election campaign to 4 November, at least 4,600 people were brought to administrative responsibility for political reasons. At least 850 people have become suspects in […]

No one is illegal

The stigmatizing word "illegals" is increasingly heard in the media. So people are called, although this is a wrong definition, entailing discrimination and even hatred. We wrote 7 reasons why calling people “illegal” is wrong.

Entry to Belarus for foreign citizens

From 2018, citizens of 74 countries can come to Belarus and stay there for up to 30 days without any visa. Which countries are in the list, what types of visas there are and what entry conditions see in our infographics.

22 tries — animation about refugees in Brest

Perpetual Humanitarian Assistance Mission in Brest Human Constanta started in October 2016. At that time the local migration crisis occurred at the border. What kind of refugees are in Brest and what are they fleeing from? Together with the Dutch animator and the Clear studio we tried to talk about it in a small clip.

Foreign students in Belarus

How many foreign students study in Belarusian higher educational institutions? We made inquiries, collected information for 2017 and made a clear infographic.

Road through Belarus

We have gathered tips for human rights defenders, journalists, and activists on safe transit and stay in Belarus: what threats can there be and how to respond to them. In most cases, you will have no problems, but each situation is unique, so help the council members who will help you help.

Areas of work